Kyphosis refers to the abnormally excessive (over 40 degrees) convex curvature of the spine as it occurs in the thoracic region.
In Teenage Kyphosis you can observe:
• A rounded back (hunchback)
• Slouching posture with shoulders forward and internally rotated
• Frontal projection of the head
• Often, increased lordosis in the back
Teenage Kyphosis can be either functional or Sheuermann’s. It is very important to be able to differentiate between the two, so the most effective treatment can be suggested. Functional Kyphosis is easily treated just with an appropriate regime of exercises, which aim in stretching the muscles of the chest, in strengthening the back muscles, and in improving posture. Sheuermann’s Kyphosis is treated by the simultaneous application of a brace and an individualized exercise programme for kyphosis.
Generally, we must mention that the desirable result is the best possible alignment of the spine.
Finally, prevention in teenage kyphosis cannot prevent the deformation, but the control of posture and the right exercises can maintain the spine more flexible, which makes further treatment easier and with better results.